The IBM has a computer project that you want to give up what is currently considered the “brain” of a PC: the processor. The manufacturer introduced what it calls “computer memory,” a mechanism that uses information storage chips to perform data processing.

According to the researchers, a machine with this technology is able to make calculations and save data in the same place. This saves energy and achieves up to 200 times faster speed compared to cutting-edge classic computers. Understand in the following lines what in-memmory computing is and how the IBM project works.

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IBM uses memory chips to replace processor (Photo: Reuters / IBM)IBM uses memory chips to replace processor (Photo: Reuters / IBM)

IBM uses memory chips to replace processor (Photo: Reuters / IBM)

In-memmory computing

IBM’s non-processor computer is based on the concept of in-memory computing , a type of computing that happens inside the memory chip. The method differs from conventional computers and smartphones, which rely on two independent physical elements to store and process information: the processor and memory. Machines that use in-memmory computing can dispense with the CPU in operation.

The novelty keeps data from being transported all the time between the processor and memory – which makes computing more efficient. On personal computers, the difference in efficiency may not be so great. However, according to IBM researcher Abu Sebastian, the alternative is likely to have a significant impact on artificial intelligence systems .

Computational memory

Memory chips are not meant to perform the typical calculations of processing units, something that forced IBM to look for alternatives to unify the functions. To do so, scientists have explored the physical attributes and state dynamics of memory devices. Upon receiving an electric current, the material undergoes changes that cause the memory to perform calculations based on the modifications of the structure.


One of the tests involved using memory chips and a simple algorithm to recreate a face design of Alan Turing, considered the father of the computer. The task was successfully performed by one million units of computational memories without the help of external processing. In a more sophisticated experiment, the researchers used the invention to analyze United States meteorological data collected over six months. IBM has already marked another demonstration of the technology for December.

The applications of computational memory are varied, including things Internet, social media and almost any kind of logical operations and problem solving systems optimization.